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Eyes

Tear Trough Treatments

What is the Tear Trough?

The tear trough is a natural groove or depression that runs along the lower eyelid, just below the eye.

 

This area can sometimes appear dark, sunken or hollow, which can create the appearance of dark circles under the eyes or make you look tired.

 

The tear trough is an important area in facial aesthetics and can be treated with a variety of procedures, such as dermal fillers, to restore a more youthful and refreshed appearance.

What causes the Tear Trough to look worse?

The tear trough deformity can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  1. Genetics: Some people are simply born with a more pronounced tear trough or a genetic predisposition to develop hollows under their eyes.

  2. Age-related changes: As we age, the skin around our eyes becomes thinner, and we lose fat and collagen, which can create a sunken, hollow appearance.

  3. Lifestyle factors: Factors such as lack of sleep, dehydration, and poor diet can exacerbate the appearance of tear troughs.

  4. Weight loss: Significant weight loss can cause a loss of volume in the face, including the under-eye area, which can create a hollow or sunken appearance.

It's important to understand the underlying cause of the tear trough deformity to determine the most effective treatment approach.

Treatments Available to Improve the Tear Trough

There are several treatments available to improve the appearance of the tear trough, including:

Dermal fillers:

 

This is the most common treatment for tear troughs. A soft, injectable gel is used to fill in the hollow area and restore volume to the under-eye area. Hyaluronic acid fillers, such as Rendensity II or Belotero, are often used for this purpose.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP):

 

PRP is a treatment that uses a patient's own blood to stimulate collagen production and improve the appearance of the tear trough.

Fat transfer:

 

Fat can be harvested from another part of the body, processed, and then injected into the tear trough to restore volume.

Laser resurfacing: Laser resurfacing can be used to tighten and smooth the skin around the eyes, which can improve the appearance of tear troughs

Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to address severe tear troughs. This may involve removing excess skin, repositioning fat, or tightening the skin and muscles around the eyes.

What other things you need to consider before treating your Tear Trough

The tear trough is a complex area to treat. If treated incorrectly, you may end up looking much worse. We can advise you on what options are available and what is effective and safe.

Please note that the tear trough defect may be due to volume loss in the midface or bony cheek.

 

Only treating the tear trough may, therefore, not give the best results. Sometimes correcting the actual tear trough is a last resort.

Want to learn more about Treatments we do, click on the link

Dermal fillers

PRP

Dermal Fillers

Redensity II under the eyes [Teosyal® Redensity 2]

Teoxane® Redensity II  is a filler specifically developed to treat the delicate under-eye area to improve the appearance of the tear trough. Only practitioners trained in using Redensity II can use this product. The injection can be performed using the Teosyal® pen, ensuring precise and controlled filler delivery into this delicate area. Lasts up to 12 months.

Redensity 2
Box of Redensity 2

Dermal Fillers

Restylane Eyelight® [Galderma]

This is the latest filler in the UK specific to the tear trough area. This filler will replace lost volume and smooth the tear trough area, reducing the signs of fatigue by reducing shadows and hollows under the eye. Another great tear trough filler from a reputable and well-established manufacturing company. Last 6 months.

Restylane Eyelight
Restylane Eyelight

Dermal Fillers

Volbella® [Allergan]

Another well-established and researched product which is proven to be safe to be used in the under-eye area.

images.jpg
Juvederm Volbella
PRP Under Eye

Platelet treatments - Liquid PRF or gel PRF [Bio-filler]

Another alternative to dermal fillers is liquid or gel formed from your platelets. This preparation is completely natural, and the risks are much less. The rejuvenating properties of the growth factors make more sense in this delicate area. The liquid platelets can also be given just under your skin where dermal fillers can cause problems. We use the next-generation horizontal centrifuge system to prepare your platelets (see PRF and Bio-Filler pages for further information).

Preparing biofiller showing mixing of two connected syringes

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Where is the tear trough?
    The tear trough is a groove between the lower eyelid at the inner corner of the eye and the upper cheek. A tear trough deformity (or hollow) is not a deformity but is used to describe the deepening of this groove. This occurs as a typical result of ageing or may be inherited. It is caused by changes in the bone, fat and skin. It is one of the first areas of the face to show signs of ageing
  • How does dermal filler work in the tear trough area?
    As explained, the tear trough is a depression in the skin, which can cause abnormal shadowing and the appearance of dark circles. Dermal fillers work by creating a lifting effect and are injected in small volumes using a needle or cannula. Most dermal fillers are supplied in 1ml syringes; however, injecting more than this in one treatment session is not recommended. If additional correction is needed, this can be performed at a later treatment session which should be discussed during your consultation.
  • Am I suitable for tear trough treatment?
    You may not be suitable for treatment if you: Are pregnant or breastfeeding. Are undergoing IVF. Suffer from keloid scarring Have active skin conditions, such as infection, acne or psoriasis Are suffering from any other infection, including COVID. Are unwell on the day of treatment. Are taking any medicines which thin the blood, such as aspirin or warfarin. Have taken Roaccutane or isotretinoin for the past 6 months. Have certain allergies Have had recent facial surgery or other dermal fillers in the same area. Have permanent implants, such as silicone implants in the face or pins and plates. Tear trough treatment may also not be suitable if: The cause of the problem is predominantly pigmentation and dark circles. If you have prominent eye bags If you are prone to puffiness under the eyes. Your skin is very lax.
  • Can any filler be used to treat the tear trough?
    No. The eye is a sensitive area to treat, and some fillers are highly unsuitable, especially if they attract water. This can make the appearance of the tear trough much worse. You should only have a specific type of hyaluronic acid filler, such as Teosyl Redensity II or Juvederm Volbella. A less water-attracting [hydrophilic ] filler should be used in the tear trough to prevent the risk of creating too much volume and unsightly bulging. One size does not fit all. Another safe alternative is to use liquid platelets or a gel made from your platelets called a bio-filler.
  • How long does tear trough deformity treatment take?
    Treatment of the tear trough area will often take between 30-60 minutes to perform. Following your procedure, the practitioner may massage the area and clean the skin. Some practitioners might apply a cream post-treatment. After the treatment, your practitioner will book a follow-up appointment. You should also receive aftercare information either in paper form or electronically before or after your treatment.
  • Is injecting the tear trough deformity painful?
    This area may be sensitive during the injection. Most dermal fillers contain a local anaesthetic which lessens the discomfort as they are injected. Usually, a topical anaesthetic, such as LMX4 or Emla™, is used to provide additional pain relief. This will be applied to the skin and left on the surface for 20-40 minutes. Also, your injector may be able to offer you a nerve block. Once the anaesthetic has worn off, there may be some expected tenderness. There should not be any significant degree of pain. If you are in much discomfort, you must contact your practitioner as this could indicate that you are developing a complication.
  • How long does tear trough filler last?
    Because the tear trough is not very mobile, it takes your body longer to dissolve the dermal filler naturally. Saying that longevity varies between products and between individuals. Most hyaluronic acid fillers will last between 6 months and 18 months.
  • What side effects should I expect after tear trough deformity correction?
    The common side effects after tear trough treatment are: Pain Minor tenderness or discomfort after your treatment is entirely normal. If you have more pain than expected, you must contact your treating practitioner immediately. Redness This is normal and usually resolves within 24 hours. If the skin becomes red and warm, this may indicate an infection. Again contact your practitioner straight away. Swelling [Oedema] Some swelling is normal after treatment and may worsen the next day. The tear trough is more prone to swelling than other facial areas. If the swelling persists, tell your practitioner. Bruising Bruising is common after tear trough injections. This can be anything from a small skin mark to extensive bruising that extends beyond the tear trough, such as a black eye. This can take up to 2 weeks to resolve. Rarely, bruising can lead to permanent staining of the skin. Infection SIgn s of infection include a warm, red, swollen area over the area that has been injected. This usually happens a few days after your treatment. If this happens, contact your practitioner for a review as soon as possible. Lumps and Bumps Lumps may be present immediately after treatment. This, to some extent, is normal. Bumps can also appear months later due to filler migrating. Lumps may appear as soft swellings or as hard nodules. If you develop a lump, ask your practitioner for a review. Extremely rare side effects are listed for completeness: Vascular Occlusion Occlusion or blockage of a blood vessel is a rare but severe complication from all dermal filler injections. A blockage results in an interruption of normal blood flow. If this is not correctly managed, the skin and tissue supplied by the blood vessel can die, resulting in scarring. It usually occurs immediately, so your injector should know immediately if this has happened. In most cases, this can be treated. Blindness This is another infrequent but devastating complication. If blindness occurs, it is likely to be permanent. Stroke Another extremely rare but documented complication of dermal fillers.
  • What should I do before my tear trough treatment?
    Ensure your practitioner is informed of any changes in your medical history or medication before receiving your injection. For one week before: Avoid sunbeds and tanning For 3 days before: Avoid taking anti-inflammatories (such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen) Avoid fish oils, St. John’s Wort, Ginkgo Biloba, garlic and Vitamin E If you are prone to bruising, taking arnica orally for a few days before treatment may lessen the risk, but this is not proven. Contact your practitioner before your appointment if: If you are unwell on the day of your appointment, contact the practitioner to reschedule. You have a social event and want to delay your treatment until after (usually, having the treatment two weeks before is sufficient to allow swelling or bruising to disappear). You cannot commit to a two-week review.
  • What is the downtime after?
    This varies depending on a few things; however, generally speaking, within 1 to 2 days, any swelling or redness should have subsided. Within a week, the signs of being injected should have entirely disappeared. Please not if you get a bruise. This can take up to two weeks to fully resolve.
  • What should I do and not do after my tear trough correction? [after-care]
    After treatment, most people can resume their normal daily activities. Some redness, tenderness and swelling at the injection sites are pretty normal. Bruising may be apparent immediately after treatment. The standard advice which is not proven is listed: Do not apply make-up for 12 hours after treatment (reduces the risk of infection). Avoid touching or rubbing the treated area. Until the swelling has settled: Avoid saunas, swimming pools and sunbeds. void extremes of hot or cold and vigorous exercise.
  • Is tear trough filler high risk?
    All treatments carry a degree of risk. All risks and complications should be discussed with you at consultation and before any treatment is agreed upon. Even though there are blood vessels in this area, the risk of a vascular injection is much lower than people or injectors think. Also, the risk of blindness is much lower even if the filler is injected into a vessel.

Useful links

There are several excellent resources and information to use so you can decide whether treat trough treatment is the right decision for you. These are independent, unbiased, and written by experts to provide you with all the necessary facts.

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