top of page

Lines and Wrinkles

Wrinkles are lines or creases on your skin that are a normal part of ageing. If you don’t like how wrinkles look, we can discuss what treatment options are available to you.

Lines and Wrinkles

What are wrinkles?

Wrinkles are lines that form on your skin as you lose collagen, which gives your skin elasticity and support.

Wrinkles appear as folds, creases or ridges. Wrinkles are found on your face, neck and arms, but wrinkles can appear anywhere on your body.

Wrinkles that occur early in life could result from smoking or sun damage. Fine lines can start after the age of 25. Wrinkles become more prominent after age 65.

You don’t need to treat wrinkles unless you want to change how they appear on your skin.

What is the difference between fine lines and wrinkles?

Fine lines are the start of wrinkles and look like small creases on your skin. Fine lines are closer to the surface of your skin, whereas wrinkles are deeper into your skin.

You will notice fine lines on your face where you make repetitive movements, like around your eyes and mouth, when you smile or squint.

Who do wrinkles affect?

Everyone who ages experiences wrinkles. You may be more at risk of getting wrinkles early in life if:

  • You have sun-damaged skin.

  • Your skin is frequently exposed to the sun.

  • You smoke.

  • What causes wrinkles?

  • Facial lines and wrinkles (rhytides) form because of the following factors:

  • Ageing

  • Sun damage

  • Muscle movement

  • Skin tension

  • Gravity

  • Injury

  • Surgery

  • Acne

  • Skin diseases

  • Smoking

Types of wrinkles

There are two types of wrinkles static and dynamic.

Dynamic lines appear with movement i.e. the activity of facial muscles.

Static lines are unchanged with muscle movement.

Eventually, dynamic lines become static.


Wrinkles are a result of the ageing process. As we age, skin cells divide more slowly, and the dermis (or the middle layer of your skin) begins to thin.

The dermis has a network of elastin and collagen fibres, which offer support and elasticity.

Collagen and ageing

Collagen is a protein that gives your skin structure. It provides stretchiness or elasticity.  Depressions form on your skin’s surface as this network loosens and unravels.

Your skin is similar to a rubber band. If that rubber band stretches, it becomes loose and loses its ability to snap back to its normal shape, which causes wrinkles.

Ageing skin is also less able to retain moisture, is less efficient in secreting oil and slower to heal.

Facial muscle contractions

Lines on your forehead, between your eyebrows (frown lines) and corners of your eyes (crow's feet), develop because of small muscle contractions.

Smiling, frowning, squinting and other habitual facial expressions cause wrinkles to become more prominent. 

Over time, these expressions, coupled with gravity, contribute to the formation of wrinkles.

Sun damage

Excessive exposure to sun ultraviolet (UV) radiation can result in premature ageing of your skin, known as photoaging.

Exposure to UV light breaks down collagen fibres and leads to the production of abnormal elastin.

When ultraviolet light damages skin tissue, your body produces an enzyme called metalloproteinase. This enzyme creates and reforms collagen.

Wrinkles develop when the rebuilding occurs over and over, less efficiently each time, resulting in skin changes known as solar elastosis.


Healthy skin constantly breaks down and removes old collagen from your body, making room for new collagen.

Smoking causes a reduction in the production of new collagen, resulting in the development of wrinkles.

The Environment

Pollutants in the air can cause your body’s collagen to break down. The most common pollutants that cause wrinkles include dirt, gases such as nitrogen dioxide in car fumes, dust, soot and smoke.

Treatments for lines and wrinkles

While treatment can temporarily stop signs of wrinkles, there is no way to entirely prevent wrinkles from forming on your skin.

There are many ways to reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles. Some are listed below:

Anti-ageing skincare

Anti-wrinkle creams improve hydration and texture and support the production of collagen proteins in your body.

Many skin care products claim to reduce and reverse the signs of ageing.

One of the most effective ingredients is retinoids, which have been clinically proven to improve the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

There are many more, and we can discuss those with you during a free consultation.

Removing the surface layer of the skin

Chemical peels are an effective way to repair ageing skin. More invasive and risky treatments include lasers and dermabrasion.

Collagen boosting treatments

Boosting the collagen levels in your skin using medical needling (microneedling) or platelet treatments (PRP).


Mesotherapy involves tiny injections of specially formulated hydrators and nutrients (Skin Boosters)

Muscle relaxing treatments

A great way to temporarily improve lines and wrinkles is using muscle-relaxing treatments such as Botulinum Toxin. These prescription-only medicines (branded as Botox®, Azzalure or Bocutoure) block the chemical signals that cause the muscles to contract.


Dermal fillers are made of hyaluronic acid that can fill in or lift folds or deep wrinkles.


Facelift surgery removes the excess skin and fat from your face and tightens tissue layers to give your skin a youthful look.

Are there side effects of the treatment?

Potential side effects and complications could arise with any treatment for wrinkles.

Some of the most common side effects of wrinkle treatment include

  • Swelling.

  • Scarring.

  • Pain.

  • Bruising.

How can I prevent wrinkles?

Your body naturally produces wrinkles as you age. While you can’t prevent wrinkles, you can reduce your risk of getting wrinkles early by:

  • Wearing sunscreen daily to prevent sun damage.

  • Not using tanning beds.

  • Moisturising your skin daily.

  • Using a good cleanser to remove makeup.

  • Not smoking.

  • Staying hydrated.

  • Eating a healthy, well-balanced diet.

bottom of page